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2012 New SCIC Wushu, Tai Chi Programs. Including 15 classes a week course, 21 classes a weeek courses, Arfternoon Elective Classes that allow you to learn new styles, forms and fighting techniques.



     
 
 
     
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What is Chinese Martial Arts?

 


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Introduction to Chinese martial arts

Chinese martial arts, sometimes called 'wushu', and popularly known as 'kung fu', consist of a number of fighting styles developed over centuries. They exist both in empty-hand and weapon form, and are sometimes classified according to 'families' or 'schools'. Common themes are exercises that mimic the movements of animals or a history and training method derived from various Chinese philosophies, myths and legends. Some styles focus on harnessing 'chi' energy, and as such are labelled 'internal', whereas styles that focus on developing muscular power and cardiovascular fitness are labelled 'external'. There is also a common 'North' and 'South' categorization, with Northern styles said to have a greater range and focus more on kicking and leg techniques, whereas Southern styles are said to have deeper stances and focus more on the use of hands and arms.


Martial Arts Styles

Chinese martial arts contain hundreds of different styles. Over the past two thousand years many distinctive styles have been developed, each with its own set of techniques and ideas. They can be split into various categories to differentiate them: for example, external and internal arts . The focus of an internal art such as Tai Chi Ch'uan is the cultivation and expression of internal energy. An external art such as Changquan focuses on developing muscular strength and cardiovascular fitness. However, most systems contain a mixture of external and internal training , and 'hard' and 'soft' elements. If such differences did exist in the past, they have since been blurred.

Another category is that of Northern and Southern styles. Northern styles like Praying Mantis are said to emphasize fast and powerful kicks, leaping and jumping, and fluid and rapid movement. Southern styles like Wing Chun are said to focus more on strong arm and hand techniques , stable, immovable stances and fast footwork. Similar to any distinction between external and internal styles, Northern and Southern styles share many similarities.

Styles & Forms
Tai Chi Quan (Taiji Quan)
Wushu (Taolu)
Qigong (Daoyin)
Sanshou (Sanda)
Traditional Kung Fu
Mulan Styles
Wudang Martial Arts
Shaolin Kung Fu
Weapons
Animal  styles


Martial Arts Morality / Philosophy
Traditional schools of Chinese martial arts, such as the Shaolin monks, deal with the study of martial arts not just for self-defense or mental training, but also as a system of ethics. There are several ideas or concepts that a proper practitioner of Chinese martial arts should display, including humility, politeness, loyalty, sincerity, courage, endurance, perseverance and strength of will. The ultimate goal is reaching 'no extremity' (closely related to the Taoist concept of 'wu wei', or no-action ), where wisdom and emotions are in harmony with one another.


Qi / chi (Internal Energy)

Almost all styles of Chinese martial arts incorporate the idea of 'qi' or 'chi', a life-force that animates all living things. Internal styles are said to incorporate its use differently than external styles. One's qi can be improved and strengthened by practicing various physical and mental exercises known as Qigong. Qigong is not a martial art in itself, but is an essential component of many martial arts. Qigong can be used for medical healing of oneself or others, or for improved fighting ability through striking various pressure points on an opponent's body during combat.


Martial Arts Metaphors
In Chinese martial arts, there are many metaphors used to describe a practitioner's physical movements. They can help a student focus on how they should express themselves during practice.

For example, 'Falling like a bird' means that, when landing on the ground, you alight like a bird dropping down from a branch, falling swiftly and precisely, and without a sound.

'Wave-like motion' means that when you move up and down, you become like waves in a stormy ocean, crashing back and forth ceaselessly. Even in motion, however, there is stillness.
'Dead still like a mountain means that when you are motionless, you are as steady as a rock and as immovable as a mountain. Even in stillness, however, there is motion.

'Standing erect like a pine tree' means that when you are standing still on the ground, you are like a strong tree, standing firm and powerful, impervious to blows.

Standing on one leg like a rooster' means when you stand on one leg, you resemble a rooster, standing alertly and proudly upright. Even though you are supported by one leg, you are still firmly balanced, and seem rooted to the ground.

'Rising like an ape' means that when jumping to your feet, you are like an ape, moving quickly and energetically, and should arise with a powerful motion.  

Chinese Martial Arts in Brief

History of Chinese Martial Arts >>
Elements of Chinese Martial Arts Training >>

 

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